Irish Question, No. 25.]
HOME RULE IN CANADA
CANADIAN PRECEPT AND EXAMPLE.
The Canadian Parliament is only in favour of Home Enle in
Ireland, if it be compatible with the integrity of the
Empire and the rights and status of the minority.
These rights, and the position of the minority, are carefully
guarded in the Canadian Constitution.
The Central or Federal Government of Canada has by the
Constitution all power, where power is not expressly given to the
Thus, any injustice to individuals cannot be exercised by a
local authority without the Central Government having the right
Local assemblies in Canada have rights of equal taxation, but
no rights of confiscation. No local authority is allowed to levy
taxes on the goods of Canadian citizens. All criminal jurisdic-
tion is under the control of the Central Government.
No Canadian national Parliament would ever sanction the
withdrawal from Parliament of any members representing any
part of its territory.
The Canadian Parliament would not allow any Territory to
have an Assembly of its own without representation in the
.National Parliament. Thev would not allow this because it
( 2 )
would set up a separate power, distinct from the general Govern-
ment. The Canadians lately suppressed such an attempt by
arms, although at a great sacrifice.
Thus, Canadian precept and example is against a separate'jErish
Parliament, such as is proposed by Mr. Gladstone.
A1IEBICAE" PRECEPT AND EXAMPLE.
The United States made war against the Southern States , when
they set up a separate Parliament at Eichmond.
They held Union to be so vital to national existence
that they put a million men under arms, and suppressed the
separate Parliament after four years of war.
They divided the State of Virginia, part of which had remained
loyal, and gave it a subordinate local authority.
The Americans keep the reins of power in the Central
National Government, and in the Parliament at Washington,
in which the South is represented. They would not allow
the Southern members to leave this central Parliament.
The Americans have a Central Supreme Court, and no loca
authority is allowed to do wrong to individual citizens in any
State. Any transference of property from one citizen to another,
though carried in a local assembly, is disallowed, if wrongful, by
the Supreme Court of Justice. No local authority is allowed to
levy taxes on the goods of American citizens.
Thus, Mr. Gladstone's Government's Irish Bills proceed against
the precepts and example of our cousins of the United States.
Published by the Liberal Committee for the Maintenance of the
Legislative Union between Great Britain and Ireland,
35, Sfring Oaf dens, S.W.